Propiedades nth-child y first-child de jquery.

JQuery tiene varias propiedades que se pueden utilizar para acceder a nodos concretos que están dentro de un nodo padre. Entre estas propiedades voy a comentar el funcionamiento de: first-child y nth-child

Para ello voy a utilizar un ejemplo. Supongamos que tenemos un Select cuyo id es «selectPrueba».

first-child – Se puede utilizar para seleccionar el primer elemento.
p.e. esto seleccionaria en el combo el primer elemento.

$('select#selectPrueba option:first-child').attr("selected", "selected");

nth-child – Permite seleccionar un elemento concreto.
p.e. esto seleccionaria en el combo el elemento 4.

$('select#selectPrueba option:nth-child(4)').attr('selected', 'selected');

Más información con ejemplos: first-child y nth-child.

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